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Islam and politics: (al-Raziq vs. Khomeini)

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Islamic modernism is an intellectual response to a framework that works in an Islamic framework. The modernist Islam and the Islamic fundamentalist can be viewed as from two episodes in that the powerful wave of the Islamic modernism arose from the late 1930s. One has to comprehend that the two eras have a chronological division of two sociocultural and ideological eras that is not necessarily have to be taken as a representation of rigid eras of the Islam religion. The views of the modernist Islam and the Islam fundamentalist vary however both have the same believe in the end. The practices that they have are almost similar however the manner that they treat religion is somewhat different.
In order to differentiate from the Islamic modernist and the Islamic fundamentalists, and then different positions have to be taken by intellectuals. The ideologies that can be used to distinguish the difference in the differences and similarities include the jurisprudence, western civilization, lifestyle, politics, and gender. For most of the Muslims living in the 21st century, most of the fundamentalist ideologies have been since denounced as they are seen as being too conservative and traditional as well as for being too modern and liberal.
According to various Muslim fundamentalists, any form of the government that has not placed god as the head of the state is wrong, and the law that is governing the country is thus rejecting god. In this circumstance, if it is the will of the specific individuals who are forming a government whether a dictatorship, democracy, communism or capitalism, then that state is un-Islamic. On the other hand, the Muslim modernist have the perspective of the modern day individuals in that they argue that it is part of the Muslims to collaborate and embrace development as it comes in terms of positive change. They include the embracement of the western ideas that include democracy and pluralism.
In terms of how the different factions view the role of women in the society, the Islamic fundamentalist have the ingrained feeling and believe that women should be individuals who stay at home and act as mothers, housekeepers, and wives… in their view, the unrelated and unmarried men and women have no place in the society whereby they can spend time together. The women are expected to cover up themselves in all circumstances especially when they are going out. This is to avoid breaking the laws as written in the Quran. An interesting fact in this circumstance is that the modern Islamism do not fully embrace the western feminism. Some of the women veil themselves however not as extremely as the fundamentalists. They tend to argue that it is written in the Quran that there should be equal rights for the men and the women therefore men should veil themselves as well if there is to be equality amongst them.
In terms of how they view western civilization, the Islamic fundamentalist are opposed to all forms of western civilization. They view the ideas of the western civilization as threatening to the Islamic religion and if allowed to continue, the impacts would be immense. The modernist Islamism support the idea of western civilization. They even quote the Quran in that they say that god alters not what is in individuals but until they change it themselves. In their argument, Muslims have the responsibility of ensuring that they are open to new ideas while embracing logic and rationalism. The Muslims modernist do not view the westernization as a threat, but they do not fully embrace all aspects of westernization.
Islamic fundamentalists believe that it is not only sufficient for the different states to have rules in the form constitution. A sufficient part should be played by the Quran in that if there is no god in the decision that are made, then there is no need to live as all the people have sinned. On the other hand, Islamism modernist believe that it is the choice of different individuals to make their own choice in terms of the leadership style that they chose.
The similarities in both theorists are that thy all believe in god. Additionally they use the Quran to interpret all their perceptions. However, different the perceptions are. In terms of education, the Islamic fundamentalists do not like the education of western type but like the education of the Quran teachings. In terms of the education of the girls child, then the Islamic fundamentalist are completely opposed to this. On the other hand, the Islamic modernist view the education of the girl child as a choice that one has to make. No one should have control over the lives of other individuals.
In conclusion, there are various differences between the Islamic fundamentalists and the Islamic modernists. The Islamic modernists are viewed as individuals who have embraced the western culture and that they are willing to accept change. On the other hand, the Islamic fundamentalists are very traditional and resistant to change. It is the Islamic fundamentalist who has the most extreme views on how women and girls should be treated. The Quran is interpreted literally, and extreme views are normally expressed.


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